C in C Language: Examples with Solutions for Beginners

C Language is a powerful and widely used programming language that can be used to create various applications, such as operating systems, compilers, games, and more. It’s a foundational language for those learning to program, and it serves as the basis for many other popular languages, such as C++, C#, and even Python.

If you’re just starting your journey into the world of programming, learning C can be an excellent choice. In this article, we will introduce some basic concepts of C language and show you some examples with solutions for beginners that demonstrate how to use them. We assume that you have some prior knowledge of programming, but you don’t need to be an expert in C language to follow along. 

What is C Language?

The first factor you want to know is how to write a C program. C Language is a general-purpose programming language that Dennis Ritchie developed at Bell Labs in the early 1970s. A C program consists of one or greater supply files, which are text files that comprise the code. Each source file has a .c extension, such as hello.c. To run a C program, you need to collect it into an executable file, which is a binary file that can be finished via the computer. You can use a compiler, such as GCC, to do this.

C LanguageFor example, to compile hello.c into hello.exe, you can use the following command:

gcc hello.c -o hello.exe

Then, you can run the executable file by means of typing:


A simple C program appears like this:

#include <stdio.h>

int main()


printf(“Hello, world!\n”);

return 0;



This software prints “Hello, world!” to the standard output, which is usually the console or the terminal. The #include <stdio.h> line tells the compiler to encompass the trendy input/output header file, which consists of the declaration of the printf function. The int main() line defines the fundamental function, which is the entry factor of the program. The printf feature takes a string as an argument and prints it to the standard output. The \n personality represents a new line. The return 0; line tells the application to exit with a fame code of 0, which means success.

C Language Examples and Solutions for Beginners

One of the most important points of C is variables. Variables are names that refer to values saved in memory. You can use variables to shop facts and manipulate them in your program. To use a variable, you need to declare it first, which skill specifying its name and type. The kind of a variable determines what sort of values it can keep and how tons reminiscence it occupies.

For example, int is a kind that can preserve integer values, such as 1, 2, 3, etc. To declare an int variable named x, you can write:

int x;

This tells the compiler to reserve some memory area for x and companion it with the int type. You can additionally assign a price to a variable when you declare it, like this:

int x = 10;

This assigns the cost 10 to x. You can also assign a price to a variable later in your program using the undertaking operator (=), like this:

x = 20;

This assigns the price 20 to x, replacing the preceding value. You can use variables in expressions and statements, such as arithmetic operations, comparisons, logical operations, etc.

For example:

int x = 10;

int y = 20;

int z = x + y; // z is 30

printf(“%d\n”, z); // prints 30

if (x &gt; y) // false


printf(“x is greater than y\n”);




printf(“x is not larger than y\n”); // prints this


There are many sorts of variables in C, such as char (character), float (floating-point number), double (double-precision floating-point number), bool (boolean), etc. You can also create your own types the usage of constructions and unions, which we will cowl later.

Another essential characteristic of C is arrays. Arrays are collections of variables of the equal kind that are saved in contiguous reminiscence locations. You can use arrays to save a couple of values of the same kind and get admission to them via their index. To declare an array, you need to specify its name, type, and size.

For example:

int arr[5];

This proclaims an array named arr that can maintain 5 int values. The dimension of an array needs to be a consistent expression that can be evaluated at assemble time. You can also initialize an array with values when you declare it, like this:

int arr[5] = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5};

This assigns the values 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 to the elements of arr. You can also pass over the size and let the compiler infer it from the variety of initializers, like this:

int arr[] = {1, 2, 3};

This proclaims an array with three elements and assigns them the values 1,2,3 var array = [1,2,3];


Learning C language is a terrific preference for beginners who favor building a sturdy basis in programming. These C language examples and solutions cover indispensable concepts, such as variables, statistics types, conditional statements, loops, functions, arrays, strings, structures, and pointers.